Torah Portion Week 18 Mishpatim Study Notes Exodus 21:1-24:18 2023

Torah Portion Week 18 – Mishpatim “Laws” 22-23

Exo 21:1 – 24:18

Judgements = Right rulings strongs:


21:1-3 Very similar to creation account – work 6 and rest, much like the Sabbath day of the week and Sabbath year of rest.

21:6 – Aul

21:12 – Death penalty derived from here.

21:20 – Targums says death

21:25 – Eye for an eye…

  • Book of the Natsarim 16:48-49 (156)

21:35 – Solomon gleaned wisdom from this ruling, we can do the same today, glean, realizing there cannot be a verse for every single scenario. But these give us the heart of the father.

21:36 – In general, Yahusha was preparing his people for a time without the temple, a time where we should be looking to forgive one another, rather than to be quick to run to court to essentially sue each other.


22:3 – Read Targum on this one

22:14 – Just like in today’s world, if we break something of our neighbors in our possession, then we make it right.

22;15 – Example: riding in the car together and it breaks down (owner knows you didn’t do anything to cause the issue)

22:18 – Torah mockers will use this (we are in dispersion/Egypt/daughter of Babylon with governing rules – did Daniel go around and kill witches and such?)

  • Rev 22 (outside N.J. will be sorcerers…)


22:25 –

22:26 – Perhaps only covering by night.

22:28 –


22:29 – redemption

22:30 – Give everything first to Yahuah (living sacrifices)

    • Went to his priests and levites


23:1 – False witness

23:2 – Riots, following the crowds..

23:3 – Rich or poor among us are equal (no favoritism to the poor – even Robin Hood)

23:4-5 –

23:6 – Opposite of 23:3

23:8 – This isn’t about gifts in general, but bribery (remember this section is all about justice)

23:9 – We are still sojourners today

23:12 – Can this still apply today? Why not (Lev 25 does state its for being in the land of promise, not captivity)

23:13 – The fallen ones

23:14 – 3 Main harvests (including end times)

23:19 – Some say this type of meat is most palatable boiled in milk.

  • This practice would be cruel
  • There does exist some pagan rituals, found in African tribes and Arab customs

23:20-23 – Yahusha –The Angel of YHWH Yahusha a messenger

23:25-26 – The promises for obedience IN the land, not for captivity which we are in now.


The marriage

24:7 – I do! – Read Targums (dispel the book of covenant vs book of the law)      

24:8 – The covenant (marriage)

24:10 – No man has seen Yah

24:11 – Vows, witnesses, meal and blood

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